The urgent need for the speedy implementation of the cyber security act topped discussion at the ongoing 2015 edition of the Nigeria Computer Society (NCS) international conference and annual general meeting holding in Akure, Ondo state.
It would be recalled that in his inaugural speech, President Muhammadu Buhari had assured that the present administration would tackle issues around terrorism, financial crime and cyber crime and other challenges of the 21st century.
Speakers at the conference with the theme, IT for inclusive development noted that critical information infrastructure (CII) must be protected as an essential asset for national development and security.
For 21st century digital Nigeria, the President of the Nigerian Computer Society, NCS, Prof David Adewumi said that in addition to implementing Cybercrime Act, legislation should be enacted to foster the development of Information Technology and IT enabled activities in the country.
While lamenting total neglect of IT professionals in the national polity, he said that, “But the challenge has been that we have never had any concrete recognition from the various government we have had in this country.
“The usage of IT in Governance and Security needs to be improved through more widespread adoption of IT professionalism in the private and public sectors.
Speaking during the plenary session, Tope Aladenusi, cyber risk services leader, Deloitte Nigeria, in his presentation on “Critical Information Infrastructure Protection Enhancing Cybersecurity and Resilience” cautioned that Critical Information Infrastructure (CII) are those ICT infrastructure upon which core assets that are essential for the functioning of the society and economy is dependent.
According to him, the destruction of these assets has a catastrophic impact on national security, governance, economy and social well-being of a nation.
“Critical Information Infrastructure (CII) are those ICT infrastructure upon which core assets that are essential for the functioning of the society and economy is dependent”, he explained.
In enhancing cybersecurity and resiliency of CII, he said that there was need for the development and enforcement of a framework and standard for protection of CII, but added that education and awareness were needed for implementation.
Noting that organizations in CII sectors should regularly perform self assessment, he cited several examples of the damaging impacts of on individuals, corporations and nations.
“Maintaining the Cybersecurity and Resilience of Critical Information Infrastructure (CII) is not a destination but a journey. As our interconnectedness and reliance on cyber security increases, the criticality of these systems also increase and so does our risk exposure”, he explained.
Outlining key considerations, he said that government should properly define specific critical Information Infrastructure and work with affected private and public sector organizations, improve on the work done by previous administrations by implementing Cybercrime Act, Cybersecurity Strategy and Policy and continuous awareness and improvement by all stakeholders
Citing related cyber attacks in Nigeria, Aladenusi recalled how the website of the Independent National Electoral Commission was hacked. “The website was hacked by a group that paraded itself as Nigerian Cyber Army. The hacking was confirmed by INEC on its Twitter handle.
“As our interconnectedness and reliance on cyber security increases, the criticalities of these systems also increase and so does our risk exposure”, he added.