Obesity is defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. It associated with non-communicable diseases (NCDS) like type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease. At an individual level, obesity is as a result of the combination of excessive food energy intake and a lack of physical activity. Other causes include inactivity, pregnancy, and lack of sleep, genetics, medical reasons, or psychiatric illness. According to research carried out on Nigeria in the past, over a quarter of Nigeria’s population is obese.
Early studies on obesity in Nigeria defines the prevalence of obesity among a sample of adult Nigerians living in Jos. The results showed that the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 21.4% in males, with 17.2% of them being overweight and 4.2% being obese; and 23.5% in females. The highest incidence of overweight and obesity were found in the 35-44 years age group. The conclusion is that obesity, which was previously thought to be infrequent in Africans, is rising in frequency.
Obesity is far more than the mere result of too much eating and/or little exercise, among other things. For instance, a person who works every day from 9-5, sitting at a desk where he/she eats, drinks, occasionally stretches because of back cramps, and then goes back to sitting will eventually start to develop some extra waistline fat. Other than genetics, bodily inactivity has to be the most prevalent cause of obesity in today’s world. Hence, it is imperative that certain methods are carried out to prevent or treat obesity.
Treatment methods include dietary changes, exercise activities and medication. While lifestyle modifications like exercising and eating well balanced meals are almost always recommended , certain dietary supplements or weight loss plans are also advisable. A notable one being the breakthrough dietary supplement called CALORAD. It is very cost effective, has no known side effects after 30 years of use, and can work alone or with any weight loss plan.